K company of the 9th Georgia was the P.A.C.S. (Provisional Army of the Confederate States) designation once these men of the "Americus Volunteer Rifles" were accepted into official CSA service. Confederate Companies, when formed in 1861 were approx. 100 men. The 9th Regiment contained over 1,000 men, plus staff. At Gettysburg, they mustered 389 men. In 1865, the 9th Regiment surrendered with less than 200 men in all Companies! The 9th Georgia soldier that wrote these letters was Pvt. James A. Daniel of "K" Company. K Company was formed 11 June 1861, so his 1st letter was written only 13 days after the Company was formed in Americus, Ga.(Sumter County), so all this is a new experience for him. K Company spent a few days in camp around Americus, then boarded trains for Virginia, passing through the Carolinas. He called his wife, Teresa Augusta [nee-Cobb] Daniel, "Sis". Teresa was the sister of three men in K Co. of the 9th, Lt. William A. Cobb, Pvt. Jacob W. Cobb, and Pvt.Avery Cobb. Pvt. Daniel was their brother-in-law. During the war, Lt. Cobb was disabled at Gettysburg, Pvt. Avery Cobb wounded at Gettysburg, wounded again and disabled at the Wilderness, and Pvt. Jacob Cobb was wounded at the Seven Day's and again at the Shenandoah Valley. Pvt.Daniel was wounded and disabled at Deep Bottom, Va., and retired in late 1864 Pvt. Daniel was shot 3 times in the legs, losing his right leg to amputation at the battle of Deep Bottom, Va., one of the Petersburg battles on Oct. 7th 1864, as the 9th Georgia charged a Union position twice, showing great courage. His name is on a casualty list, and can be viewed at Casualty List.
According to Jack Scott, who submitted these letters, family legend states that "I don't know if you're aware that his leg was amputated by a captured Yankee doctor. It seems they were charging Yankee positions when he took a minnie ball in one leg and fell but before he hit the ground he took two more minnie balls in his other leg, one in the ankle and one in his knee. After the battle the stretcher bearers rolled him over and one said "he's too far gone there's no need to take him in", but the other one recognized him and said "that's Jim Daniel from Americus, if there's any chance at all we'll take him in". This undoubtedly, saved his life.
Thanks to Jack Scott, I am able to share these on the web. There are 25 letters. I will post them as time allows........Neal Griffin, Webmaster.
I arrived here 2 days ago and have not had time yet to write. I have mustered into service with the Americus Volunteer Rifles Capt. King. I know you would be better pleased to know that I was with the boys and I begged off from Capt. Hawkins. There is but little sickness in the Company. Bungy had a chill tonight. We will strike tents tomorrow and leave for Winchester where we will be apt to have plenty of fighting. I am anxious for a fight. I have no fears as to the results. There is dissatisfaction in Hawkin's Company. It is alleged that the Company has been deceived from the start. I think we will all be glad to get home when we do get there. This is a great country for fine stock. I have seen some of the finest cows and hogs I have ever saw. We hear of no fighting here. I hope you are enjoying yourself well and feel contented. North and South Carolina are the finest land I ever saw. Give my love to Pa, Ma, Cal, Molly, William and little Jenny. Keep the little darling and do not let her forget to call Papa. Take good care of yourself my darling and think of me often. When you write home give my love to all. Give my love to all my family and believe me I shall never cease loving you with my whole soul. I would like you to send me five dollars as I found the boys without a cent and have delivered all i had with them. We fare tolerable well and can buy anything we want to eat. I will write you when I get to my next stopping place. Direct your letters to Capt. King 9th Regiment Georgia Volunteers. They will be forwarded to us at what ever point we may be sent direct to the place, Richmond. I must close. May God bless and protect you and my child is my prayer.
It is with pleasure I sit on my knapsack to write you a few lines to inform you that I am tolerable well. I have had a small attack of diarrhea but I am sure getting better. I am writing this on my knee (having just arrived today) before my tent. We have a very fatiguing time getting here. I have no opportunity of learning any news that is reliable. Some say that there is about 20,000 soldiers around about this place. I feel no apprehension of any attack that may be made on us. I am not so well suited with this kind of life as you might suppose. It does not suit me and if I ever get out of this, you need not fear my getting in such a scrape again. I am heartily tired of it and I believe it is the case with the rest of the common soldiers. I have longed and sighed many times to see my darlings that I left behind and vowed that if I ever did we should not be seperated again by my consent but dearest we will live on hope. You one(ce?) bid me hope and the word has ever been sweet to me since and I feel certain we will meet again and that soon. This war must come to an end soon. Kiss little Jenny for me till you get tired and tell her about her daddy. I do want to see her. You must write always as soon as you receive my letters as it takes a long time to come. I am messing with Bungy, Tobe and Bill Edwards and sleep with them. They are all in tolerable health none of us are very well and about half sick owing to change of water. This is a great country. I have seen near one million acres of which the finest I ever saw. I have seen no rain since I left but a sprinkle.
I resume my writing today which is Sunday. It has rained a great deal today and is very unpleasant. We know no Sundays here. I have been working and will go out on parade this evening. Give my love to Pa, Ma, Cal, Mollie and Will. Tell Pa I will write to him as soon as I get settled and can have anything of importance to communicate in regards to the movement of the enemy. I want you to write all the news you receive from home as I have not written there yet and it may be several days before I do. Write to Nap and see what he has done about the job of blinds. I hope you enjoy yourself very much with Pa's family. Make yourself as useful as possible and as agreeable. I know they will like you for if you can please me, you can anybody. Fare is perty hard with plenty of money a man can live well. Direct to Jas. A. Daniel, Richmond, Virginia, care of Capt. King 9th Regiment, Georgia Volunteers.Now my dearest and darling wife farewell till I write or hear from you again. Kiss Jenny and may God keep watch over and guard and protect us all till we meet again is my humble prayer. Give my love to dear father and all the rest of the family. Good by.
My Dear Father,
I received a letter from Sis yesterday and was glad to hear you were all well. I have had nothing of interest to communicate or I would have tried to write sooner. We have been constantly on the move since I have been here, generally on the double quick time. We have had several alarms and been formed into line of battle but have as yet seen no enemy. The boys all appear eager to fight the most of us think it is a mere frolic. I have got so to view it with perfect indifference a little. Rather be in one than not.
We had a forced march of 17 miles one week ago towards Martinsburg hearing that they were fighting there. The enemy took possession of the place and made some fortifications about it. Our men there had to retreat with but little loss. By the time we got there they were about 15,000 strong, we were about 12,000. Had we marched on without camping we could have retaken the place easy but we went into camp and gave them a chance to reinforce to the amount of 25,000 men and we had about 15,000. General Johnson offered them (unreadable) to fight hince on the road with that disparity of numbers for 3 days which was refused. Johnson then ordered us to fall back on Winchester and we are now in our original camp. But we are ordered to march today 1 1/2 miles out to fortify Winchester. I think we have but little rest between marches and drilling. I think there will soon be some sharp fighting here. The yankees are getting perty impudent. We were within 3 miles of them at Martinsboro and captured some of their pickets. I have seen a good many prisoners which we have taken. They are a bad looking set the dreg of society. There have been a good many accidents with pistols handled carelessly. Several have been shot and some killed. It is more impossible to learn the truth of reports here than there. I expect you learn the true news as soon as we do here. My health is pretty good at present. I find my duties fatiguing as my constitution is not as good as it had been but I have not failed in drill or on roll call yet. I stand the long marches better than most of these men from my superior walking and wind. Many give out and some fainted on the road last Sunday as we came back. We walked 18 miles and 3/4 of a day with our cartridge box with 40 cartridges in it. We heard the enemy was marching on Winchester. Our captain is very strict but kind. He allows us nothing but what he thinks will be of benefit to us a general thing. I am tired of this kind of life, I enjoy home better than anywhere it does not suit me. It would have had charms for me 4 or 5 years ago. As for this fighting and getting killed I do not fear that as I never denied since been of the opinion there is a better world than this. Give my love to Sis, Ma, Cal, Will, Mathews and last but not least Jenny and write soon as it takes about 8 days to get a letter. I hope you will love my wife and child and that they will be a comfort and pleasure to you.
My Dearest and best loved wife,
I take this opportunity of someone going home to write you a few lines to inform you of my good health. I am some times afflicted with slight diseases but my general health is good. I am satisfied that my letters have not been mailed that I have written you. I have never failed to write you every week since I left home. I wrote to Pa twice, to Nap once, and to Buddy too, none of which I received an answer, or heard from. I do hope you will not be uneasy about me as I am getting on very well. Everybody is all well, but for one death in camp Sunday. A man by the name of Woodruff, one of our company, the most of us are well. Bill is sick, he came to us today. I hope he will soon be up and able to do duty. I wish you to write to Pa often and not neglect corresponding with him. You do not write me of any news whatever. Nothing about what is taking place at home
or among the neighbors.You must know that the most trivial thing will interest me from home. I wrote to Bob by him. I would like to hear from all your family. I do not know what we will do if we have to stay here this winter. It is very uncomfortable here now at night, winter comes here this month.We have had a great deal of rain which has rendered it very uncomfortable in our tents, as they leak very much. Bungy and John Bill and the Edwards are well. We have all looked very well so far as regards sickness. Tell Nat to collect the money from Ryland as soon as he can convently, and pay it over to you. You cannot get anything from the relief society under three months as Adam has my written obligation not to draw on them for that time. After that, you can draw on it. Tell me how you are getting along. I think I ought to know as how you are getting on, and what you are doing, you are so lent on these points.
Tell me whether Jenny can talk or not, and how much I want to sit down and write me a long letter with all the news you can. Bill's health is much improved,he will be up in a few days. He had a spell of the fever, it is broke and is only weak. He says to tell Mother to have those socks mended for him as he will have a box shipped in a few days. He will write, himself, in a few days.
I hope, dearest, that the time is not distant when we will be again together, and I so long to see you both and my darling Jenny. God knows I think of you and her, and pray that you both may be allright, and that we may meet again. Take good care of yourself and Jenny's health, as you are my only life and hope on Earth. Give love to all. I must leave.
Dearest and Best Loved Wife,
You cannot imagine the pleasure the reception of a letter from you tonight gave me. Owing to unavoidable delay the boxes of goods in which my letters were in did not arrive until dark tonight, and it was 11 or 12 o'clock when the distribution was over. We were compelled to distribute as we are ordered to march toward Alexandria after the main army. There is evidently a fight on hand and some movement of importance. There has been also inspection of arms and ammunition lately. I would be willing to fight 10 hard battles in a week and risk death if it would shorten the time of absence from you and home. I am anxious to get home, but it will never willing to come until the war is closed.
I came here to help gain our independence and I will never shrink from any hardship or change in accomplishing my responsibility. My health is much better than when I was home. I am considerably heaver(sic) and improved in flesh. I am almost as fat as Ben Wheeler.Bungy and Tobe has been sick, down with fever for the last week. I have nursed them night and day. The fever is broke and they are in a fine way of getting well. Bill intends sending them to a place callled Warrenton tomorrow, as it is impossible for them to march with us. They will be taken care of. They have some money to buy them what extra thinga in the way of eating they may need so you may not feel any uneasiness about them as I think there is no necessity. I have plenty of clothing with the exception of a heavy overcoat and gloves, but I do not wish you to put your self to the least inconvience to get me them, as I can make out without them if I do not get them. I have deposited near 17 dollars with Capt. King to buy a uniform with. All the company has done the same. I could not send you any money as I did not draw but very little over what I was compelled to use immediately about 4 1/2 was all. I will try to send you some the next time we draw as they still owe us for two months yet. I do not remember how much I borrowed from Bob. I owe him on an order I gave to Bylanden which when you settle you must get 10 dollars for Bungy which is all I owe him for. He probably knows I owe him in the neighborhood of 21 dollars. With that 10 dollars order I expect you had better see if he remembers. Get Nap to close up that business some way and tell me what he charges for his work. Tell him I am satisfied with any settlement he may make and attend to old man Ruvins debt and I wish you to use note or money to your best advantage. I do not wish you to neglect writing to my father. I have written 3 letters to him and have not received any answer to anyof them. Tell him so when you write. I have got up out of bed to write this letter so Mr. Derman can carry it to you as I will not have time tommorrow as we leave here. It is now 3 or 4 o'clock. I am glad to see you in good spirits my darling you must try andkeep so. I am rejoiced to hear of your condition and hope I may be with you long before the trying time arrives to comfort and nurse you. You know what I would suffer if I could not be with you. Bill liked jenny's hair. I did not read him all your letter. Tobe, when he saw it, cried God help the little darling. I do want to see her so bad. I hane not shown it to Bungy yet and I say God help her with all my heart and her darling mother Sis. There was something very peculiar in Jenny's calling or dreaming of me about the time she did. About that time I sat up all night without sleeping a wink and read through the seven tracts and I determined to alter my life and I prayed as feverently as I ever did in my life all through the night to God to forgive me and make me a new creature. I have not kept it up but it shows I do think of these things and my condition. Sometimes I cannot believe That I am as lost as my mind still yearns after my happier days. I believe that I am a new man and accepted with Christ. I have wandered far but I firmly believe God will gather his sheep at last. They may wander, appear hopeless, lost and yet He has forever to gather His fold and save them at last. Give my love to all. Kiss my sweet little daughter and do not let her forget my name. Give my best love to Sally. God bless her. I do want to kiss her. I will send her some money to buy her a clock when I draw some to take care of my chickens and Jenny. Give love to all and best respect and kindness to Mr. Winn and the Shepards. All my love never dying never ending.
My Dear Wife
I received a letter from you on my return to Munson's Hill day before yesterday evening which afforded me great pleasure and some uneasiness at learning that you and Jenny were a little unwell. I do hope this may find you both well as it has been a source of satisfaction to me that those I serve and love and I have left behind have enjoyed good health in my absence. My health is still good and I have improved in health and flesh very much. I would have wrote yesterday but it rained and the wind blowed so much and the tent kept falling so that it was impossible to write a decent letter. You did not receive the last letter I wrote to you since the one I sent by Mr. Darman. I wrote you that we were expecting orders to march directly to Munson's Hill as they were fighting there. Well, we have to march on a few days after I wroye to serve as pickets and when we got there we had the satisfaction of seeing Yankee pickets stationed but 400 to 500 yards from our line of pickets and each one trying to shoot the other every opportunity. They commenced firing on our men as soon as fired on and kept it up all evening and part of the night andd all the next day until dark. They did not fire on the end toward which our company was stationed so there were only one or two shoys fired by our company. The situation was one of great danger, my post especially, as it was behind a cluster of trees where the enemy might have crept up and shot before they could have been seen as they have done before. On thsi same post there was very little eccursion done in the picket fight. As soon as we were relieved we had to march back to Fall's Church two miles to prepare to meet an invasion of that place. We took 3 regiments and 3 pieces of Artillery Washington Orleans, and marched 5 miles and found them stationed in the woods reported and started to commence the fight by firing on them with the artillery. The exchanged shots and as we say got up and got in double quick time. They were pursued until night as long as we could see and so it ended we having one man killed and onr wounded both South Carolinians. They fired a bomb shell at the house we were stationed but it did not explode. While they were firing on us I did not feel the least agitated although it is a serious thing for men to march deliberately along and stand under fire of artillery without the chance of doing anythjing. Our muskets were not brought into requestion as they ran too fast. It is rumored in camp that since we have left and returned to camp that they have taken the hill and Fall's Church both although I do not credit the report and if they have it is supposed to be a trap laid for them by Jones and Beauregard to let them take those places and draw them on to Fairfaxs and there give them another Bull Run whipping. We are about 14 miles from Munson'd Hill at our old camp which we will be apt to leave tommorow for the hill again as we have orders to pack 3 days rations today. If we have to go we will apt to get plenty of fighting. I see no prospect of peace soon as the enemy appears to be actively engaged in preparing to carry it on. There is nothing but marching and counter marching here now no rest often without our tents and nothing to eat. When at the hill we could see the Dome or Cupola at Washington 8 miles off the Potomac River 5 miles the Cupola of Alexandria 5 miles and Arlington Heights 7 miles off. All of those places are well fortified as it is possible for men to do it. WE also had a view of a balloon about twice a day going up to see what we were doing and observing position. We could see the man in the basket below distinctly with the naked eye. We had plenty of roasting ears and Irish potatoes with them. And now I have given you all that is new. Bill Gunsey is dead, not our Bill, but cousin to him. We have lost more men than any other company. I got some pants and cotton shirts and shoes. I lost my coverlid in coming back to camp it cost me five dollars to find it. Try and plant our garden in whatever is in right season. Pick out the best looking dog pup and save it. Write me longer letters, anything from you my darling, is full of interest. Do not wait for me to write as I am often where I cannot write. Take care of yourself and Jenny for my sake. You are my only hope dearest love in this world. Pray for yourself and me that we meet again. I will, if alive, try and be with you in your trial to console and support you. Farewell till I write again. Love to all. Tell Nap to write to me soon.
My Dear Wife
I was much pleased to receive a letter from you night before last ans was truly happy to learn that you and my sweet little Jenny was well. I was very uneasy at your long delay in writing, the more especially as I had wrote 3 or 4 letters in the last 3 weeks, to none of which I received an answer. My health is very good at this time. We have bad weather now and it is the worst weather here I ever saw. We are now incamped in sight of Centerville having fallen back about 12 miles since I wrote you last. We probably have a fight here before long as the enemy are in great force this side of the river and advancing, it is supposed, on the junction. We are prepared to give them a warm reception when they do come. I understand Tobe has got a discharge from the doctor where he is as disabled from doing duty ruptured. I do not know what he will do as to going home. I am better satisfied since I received your letter stating that you were getting along tolerable well and not needing anything.I and 5 of my mess have sent home one hundred dollars to our families which will be sixteen dollars and sixty cents apiece which you can get by applying to him for it. I have not drawn any money but once but I hope we will draw some soon. You can use that money to the best advantage exercising your own judgement. I am sorry that the old homestead is sold and doubt whether it was best. You can have the money to gain (unreadable) fixed to your own notion and change your own (unreadable). I do not see any prospect of the war ending soon there is no indication of peace here. Capt. King has promised to let me go home at the time you said in January and to use his influence in getting me a furlough if it is possible at that time. We cannot get one anytime we please. I have not heard from Pa yet and do not know of any reason for his silence. I shall write no more until I do hear. I hope you will not be so long in writing anymore as my chief pleasure is in getting letters from you and reading them. I do hope we will be ordered to Ga. this winter but I do not know what disposition will be made of us. I write all my letters on my knee and do not write very well. John Edwards and Sid have improved very much. I must close by giving my best love to all my relations and giving my best love to allof my friends and hoping you will accept my neverending love, my beloved wife till death.
My Dearest Wife
After some delay caused from my expecting to obtain a furlough home by the time a letter would have reached you. I am sorry to write that I am disappointed in my expectation. Our head officers all signed it except Gen. Smith, commander of our division. We are compelled to wait a more favorable opportunity which I hope will occur in a short time. I do hope and trust I shall be able to be with you in your time of trouble but if it cannot be we must (unreadable) to reconcile our minds to bear ourcrosses and disapointments with patience and philosophy. You cannot imagine the pleasure I had in the idea of going home and seeing those I loved best and so well again after a long an absence. But I am confident that the time will soon come when we can get to see our friends and loved ones. So bear up my love and never say die, never despair is my motto. You have probably heard all about the fight in which Cass's artillery took a very prominent part and acted nobly and gallantly. They lost 5 men and some wounded. You will find a desciption in the papers. We are looking for a battle every day. Our company are now out about 2 miles from here putting up log houses for our winter quarters. We are very badly fixed here in tents as they are all worn out and the most of them can't stand the wind we have had, the mildest winter here that the people ever remember seeing. Tell Nat to move his house as soon as he can, as I would like he would be near you in my absence. Give him and all his family my best love. Save me some sweet potatoes to eat. I hope you I intent tohave all the slips saved for seed next year. Tell the Old Lady to take particular care of Queen and my chickens that were in her yard, the frying ones in particular. Give her and the Old Man my best love. I intend to hug and kiss her when I see her as I have a very heavy mustache and beard. Give Nat and Bob my best love. Respect to Mr. Stanford and family. Write me if yiu ever hear from Pa. I heard Mollie was married. I heard your Uncle Joe had sold out to Luke Collin's son and that Uncle Luke was coming to live there. The health at my company is not very good, many are sick. Jim Dirk, the one that worked with Bob is dead. My health is not good. I have done no duty for over a month with (unreadable) and diarrhea which has become almost chronic (the diarrhea). You need not be at all uneasy for if I get bad enough I will apply for a discharge or a sick furlough. I am glad to see you write in such good spitits. If I cannot bewith you my darling in your confinement, get Ansley and remember that I will be (unreadable) until I hear from you and keep up your spirits and do not take chloroform. Kiss Jenny tell her that daddy can't come yet But will as soon as he can. Farewell my dearest love until you hear from me again.
My Dear Wife
I have delayed writing hoping almost against hope that I would be able to have been with you by this time, but the fates have decided against me so far, although I am still working to get home as hard as I can. I am now here in the hospital but I am not very sick only diarrhea which unfits ne for duty and Capt. King sent me here more to get a furlough than anything else. He has acted nobly by me and I shall never forget him for the part he has taken in trying to get me home. He has spared no pains, trouble or expense. I have so far succeeded that I have helped the ordeal here before the board and head doctor and had my furlough signed and recommended by them all. It has been sent to my Regiment to be signed by my Col. and Brigadier General when if they sign it, I will be all right. Now, do not build your hope too strong as they may not sign it and I would not have you disappointed. I hope to be with you in at least 25 days from now if nothing should transpire that would prevent. There will be another married man come when I do, but he would not let me write about him for fear of a disappointment. I have nothing of interest further to write at this time, only take best care of yourself and my little Jenny. Keep her for me and give my love to the Old Man and my Mother, also to all the relatives. I hope Bill has gone home as I was anxious for him to go. He had gone to Richmond. You must not write till you hear from me.
I take this opportunity of writing you a few lines to inform you that I am in tolerable good health and hope they may find you doing well. Having been disappointed in getting off to go home, I cannot delay writing any longer as I am uneasy about you. You can easily judge my feelings as you know I am bad hand to stand disappointment. I am sick and hurt and almost at the verge of giving up all hope of seeing you soon. I am still waiting to hear from my furlough. Myself and Will Mims, and it may come at any day and it may never come. It needs only the signature of Gen. Jones. Since writing the above, Will Mims has come in from Doctor Green, the head surgeon of this place and he says our furlough will come and he hopes soon. We have been treated verykindly by all the doctors here. All are anxious to get us off. My darling Sis, I have been nearly crazy for the last month. I would have given the world to have been with you, but God has willed it otherwise and although it appears hard, we should not murmer. Cheer up my love as well as you can, never forgetting that there is one faithful heart that breaks for thee only, and although for distance in body and mind and heart, he is ever with you. And may God preserve you in your trials is my prayer. I must comw to the close begging you to take the best care of yourself. Keep little Jenny and give her my best love also Sally and all the rest of the family. Tell Bill to keep my and Mims uniform there. Give him my best love also Bob and Nap and Lim. I will try to get home as soon as I can. Do not look for me until you see me. Answer this as soon as you receive it. Direct to Culpepper Court Housr, Fairfax County, Jas. A. Daniel, and I may get it before I leave. Give Vic Bill's love and believe me my darling.
Website designed by Neal Griffin Copyright © 2010-2011
.....other letters will be posted as time allows.
I also maintain the sites on The Ninth Georgia Infantry, CSA and the Sumter County Confederate Soldiers Website
Questions, comments? Please email me, Neal Griffin, at ngriffin@9thGeorgiaInfantry.org
The "midi" song playing is "Canon in D" by the German composer Johann Pachelbel (1653-1706). It was written about 1680. You may have heard it as the theme from the movies "Ordinary People", and "Father of the Bride". It is popular at weddings, and was played at Princess Diana's funeral. Courtesy of Ray Hutchins' Website on Pachelbel.
Website designed by Neal Griffin Copyright © 2010-2011