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2 July, 1863-the Ninth Georgia was the extreme left of Anderson's Brigade in Hood's Divsion as the Confederates attacked furiously, forming in Biesecker's Woods, across the Emmmitsburg Rd., and through Rose's Farm and woods. All the while, Union batteries and infantry in the Peach Orchard were firing away as the Brigade advanced............

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The 9th Georgia Infantry suffered 56% casualties 2 July, 1863-189 of 340 engaged- advancing to, and in, the Wheatfield...Questions or Comments?...Please "e" mail the Reb(Web)Master-Neal Griffin...This page dedicated to those brave and gallant men that fought in the Regiment .......Lt. Gen. Longstreet later said, "it was the best four hours of fighting ever done anywhere, by anyone"...

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Photo of the Wheatfield.
Jay Jorgenson has published Gettysburg's Bloody Wheatfield, by White Mane Publishing. This book is by far the best blow by blow description of the events that I have read. If interested, this is time well spent! Book cover art by Paul Martin.


Jay has an excellent article "Anderson Attacks The Wheatfield" available, click HERE!
(image of book used with permission of the author, Jay Jorgenson)

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Portrait of Capt. Hillyer, who led the regiment at Gettysburg (the Wheatfield), after all senior officers were killed or wounded.



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Capt. George Hillyer's report on the Ninth Georgia's actions at Gettysburg, Pa. on 2 July, 1863. (From the The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Series 1, Vol. xxvii )

CAMP NEAR HAGERSTOWN, MD.,
July 8, 1863.

CAPTAIN: I have the honor to report that about 4 o'clock in the afternoon during the battle of Gettysburg, on the 2d instant, all officers senior to me having fallen, the command of this regiment devolved upon me, and during the remainder of the battle, both that day and the next, and until the present time, I have continued in command, and it now becomes my duty to report the part taken by the regiment in the action.
Lieutenant-Colonel [John C.] Mounger was killed by a piece of shell soon after the advance commenced, while leading the regiment with his characteristic gallantry, and for about an hour afterward Major [W. M.] Jones was in command, when he and Captain [J. M. D.] King were both wounded, and taken from the field nearly at the same moment.
The regiment occupied its usual position in line on the left of the brigade and the extreme left of the division, having for nearly an hour and a half no support on its left, the advance of McLaws' division being for some reason thus long delayed, which left the flank while advancing nearly the distance of a mile very much exposed to an enfilading fire of the enemy's batteries, and also to the fire of a flanking party of the enemy, who were prompt to take advantage of the exposed condition of the flank. To meet this flanking party, I changed the front of three companies, and for nearly an hour, against great odds, held them in check until relieved by the advance of McLaws' division, which finally came up on our left.
The whole line now again pressed forward, and, though entirely without support, dispersed and scattered a fresh line of the enemy who came up against us, and pursued them 400 or 500 yards farther to the base of the mountain upon which the enemy's heavy batteries were posted, which we found to be the strongest natural position I ever saw. Our little band, now thinned and exhausted by three and a half hours' constant fighting, made a gallant attempt to storm the batteries, but the enemy being again heavily re-enforced, we were met by a storm of shot and shell, against which, in our wornout condition, we could not advance. I believe that had McLaws' division advanced with our line so that we could have arrived at this point before we became worn out with fatigue, we would have carried the position.
In this movement the whole brigade and also several brigades of McLaws' division participated. Failing to take the batteries, the line retired to the point where we first encountered the enemy's main line, and was again formed, fronting the enemy in such position as to place most of the battle-field in our possession. The enemy evidently had enough of it, and did not again show himself in our front, darkness soon closing the scene.
The regiment lost 2 officers (Lieutenant-Colonel Mounger and Lieutenant [E. W.] Bowen) killed, and 11 officers wounded; also 25 enlisted men killed and 119 men wounded, and 1 officer and 31 men missing; total, 189.
There were many officers and men who displayed a degree of daring and heroism which challenges admiration in the very highest degree, and the whole regiment behaved with its customary steadiness and devotion, as the loss of 189 out of 340 carried into the field will testify.
I herewith respectfully submit a detailed statement of casualties,(*) giving names and description of wounds in full, from which I have omitted all slight wounds, which, though sufficient to disable the man for a day or two, will not prevent his taking part in the next battle--say a week or ten days from the time the hurt was received. On the next day (3d instant), the regiment was detached from the brigade, and sent to drive off the enemy's cavalry, who were annoying our batteries on the extreme right flank. Here the regiment, though exhausted by the extreme heat and by long-continued exertion, performed, without a murmur, but, on the contrary, with the greatest enthusiasm, much hard marching and fighting, as the enemy's mounted men frequently changed their point of attack, which rendered a change of position on our part also often necessary. At one time two or three squadrons of their cavalry charged through the picket line of the First Texas Regiment, and were galloping up to one of our batteries, with the evident purpose of spiking the guns. This regiment was at the time some distance to the right of the first Texas, and at a point which was not then menaced. I therefore led the regiment to the battery at a double-quick, something more than half a mile off, and while going there received, through Major [William H.] Sellers, an order directing me to do so.
When we arrived, the enemy were nearly at the battery. Passing through from behind the guns, with a yell the regiment charged the enemy in the open field, scattering and chasing them away in a moment, killing and wounding a number and capturing several horses. This was the first repulse that this column met with, and their advance was first checked by this regiment. When they fled from us, they encountered several other regiments who were coming up from different points, and suffered greatly from their fire. During the first day's fight, a large number of prisoners were passed to the rear through the lines of the regiment, but in the eagerness of our attack no guard was sent with them to the rear, and I cannot give the number. According to my observation, the enemy's loss was five times as great as ours.
Very respectfully, &c.,
GEO. HILLYER,
Captain, Commanding Ninth Georgia Regiment.
Capt. CHARLES C. HARDWICK,
Assistant Adjutant-General.

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Ed.-The ground this battle was fought on came to be called.....The "WHEATFIELD"....click on Photo, The Wheatfield-casualties , for a photo of this horrific conflict.
According to David L. Richards, an NPS Battlefield Guide at Gettysburg, this photo of Confederate dead is actually on Rose Hill, 200-300 yards Southwest of the Wheatfield, from Bill Frassanito's book Gettysburg; A Journey in Time

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The Confederate Roll of Honor (for Gettysburg)..........
The USA had the "Medal of Honor." The CSA had the "Roll of Honor", for "the officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates of the armies of the Confederate States conspicuous for courage and good conduct on the field of battle" To see the CSA Congressional authority, click HERE!

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(Lady Liberty, with a sword, holding a portrait of Jefferson Davis)


GENERAL ORDERS, No. 131.
ADJT. AND INSPECTOR GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Richmond, Va., October 3, 1863.
Difficulties in procuring the medals and badges of distinction having delayed their presentation by the President, as authorized by the act of Congress approved October 13, 1862, to the officers, non-com-missioned officers, and privates of the armies of the Confederate States conspicuous for courage and good conduct on the field of battle, to avoid postponing the grateful recognition of their valor until it can be made in the enduring form provided by that act, it is ordered--
I. That the names of all those who have been, or may hereafter be, reported as worthy of this distinction, be inscribed on a Roll of Honor, to be preserved in the office of the Adjutant and Inspector General for reference in all future time, for those who have deserved well of their country, as having best displayed their courage and devotion on the field of battle.
II. That the Roll of Honor, so far as now made up, be appended to this order, and read at the head of every regiment in the service of the Confederate States at the first dress-parade after its receipt, and be published in at least one newspaper in each State.
III. The attention of the officers in charge is directed to General Orders, No. 93, section No. 27, of the series of 1862, Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, for the mode of selecting the non-commis-sioned officers and privates entitled to this distinction, and its execution is enjoined.
* * * * * * * * * *
Confederate Roll of Honor, "Conspicuous for courage and good conduct on the field of battle"
Battle of Gettysburg:
Georgia:
Ninth Georgia Infantry:
Lieut. Col. John C. Mounger. (killed in action 2 July)
Private P. B. Millican, Co. B. (killed in action 2 July)
Private Thomas J. Michael, Co. C. (wounded: died 20 July Martinsville, Va.)
Private James W. Mann, Co. D. (killed in action 2 July)
Corpl. Joseph A. Hough, Co. E. (wounded: left in Union hands: died from amputation of left arm 9 July)
Private Jesse McCullar, Co. F. (killed in action 2 July)
Private John Mills, Co. G. (wounded and captured 2 July: died: no date given)
Corpl. Luther J. Copeland, Co. H. (killed in action 2 July)
Private Chesley Alderman, Co. I. (wounded in leg and captured 2 July: died from amputation of leg in hospital near Gettysburg 19 July)
Private Henry F. Daniel, Co. K. (killed in action at Funkstown, Md. 19 July)
* * * * * * * * * *
By order:
S. COOPER,
Adjutant and Inspector General.

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The "Southern Cross of the Legion of Honor", later called the "Southern Cross of Honor". Deo Vindice, Latin for "GOD Our Vindicator", awarded for "exhibition of dauntless, unyielding courage in the face of overwhelming odds".



In a sketch about personal experiences at Gettysburg, a Corporal in Co. F of the 64th NYVI by the name of William W. Moore wrote (*words in [ ] are Ms. Van Vlack's words):
"...I was wounded just at that time [he had captured a rebel flag, picked it up and then dropped it - this was immediately before Capt. Fuller was killed - a man much loved by all men in the 64th Regiment] by a shot which fractured my right thigh. The rebs were around me and over me in an instant, shouting 'we are whipping you-uns now,' which they found to be a mistake a few minutes later.
The regiment in front of the 64th in that fight was the 9th Georgia, under the command of the Lieutenant-Colonel. He gave me his name, but I have forgotten it. I shall always remember him and his regiment with the greatest gratitude for the many acts of kindness they bestowed upon me and other wounded Union boys near me. He bathed my wound from his canteen, took my canteen which was nearly new and filled it with fresh cold water. I was unable to move and he helped me to get behind a tree so I would not get hit by our own men. He talked with me until very late that night. The next morning he came with more men and a stretcher and carried me to the stone-house where about a dozen other wounded Union men lay. We were all kindly treated. The last time I saw the Colonel we exchanged canteens and pocket-knives. He hesitated about the exchange because my canteen was much the best, but I insisted and he seemed pleased to get a good new canteen. I hope to meet him and other members of the 9th Georgia, at our National Encampment at St. Paul next September..."


The above is from:
Report of the Seventh Annual Reunion of the 64th N.Y. Regimental Association at Salamanca, New York, Aug. 21 and 22, 1895, Historical Sketches, Letters, Roster of Survivors", pg. 56-59

*My thanks to Barbara Van Vlack, researching the 64th New York Infantry Regiment for sharing this with me. It appears Cpl. Moore had the Confederate rank of Col. and Capt. mistaken (understandable, as Rebel officers' rank were stars on the collar). He was probably writing about Capt. George Hillyer, acting as regimental commander of the 9th Georgia..........

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This incident occurred the day after the Wheatfield on 3 July, 1863 (the day of Pickett's charge). The 9th (what was left of it after losing 56% in the Wheatfield) and the 11th Ga. regiments were ordered in to reinforce the 7th Ga. and 1st Texas defending Baughman's Battery on the extreme right of the Confederate lines from an attack by Kirkpatrick's (New York) Union Cavalry. The Union Cavalry was attacking what they thought was a sparsely defended battery, however, as the charge reached the battery, Georgia, Alabama and Texas regiments all converged on the Cavalry and the Union force was almost annihilated............. "It was July and the sun was immensely hot. In front of us was a wounded Yankee cavalry-man. He was crying piteously for water and we wanted to relieve him if we could, but it was as much as any man's life was worth to expose himself before the wall. You might put up your hat, and a bullet would strike it in less than a minute. Littleton Raines and Robert Upshaw, two of my men, were of the litter corps and had come up and laid down with us behind the rock wall. Their litter was bloody, but just enough white was left about it to make it barely possible that it might be used as a flag of truce. So I told Raines to try to bring in that wounded Federal and to wave a flag over the wall but nobody had a hankerchief, or at least one that was white, not even as white as the cloth of the litter. So I told Raines to hold his litter up over the wall and wave it back and forth. He did so, and in two or three minutes the firing from the enemy's sharpshooters slackened and finally ceased altogether. I then told Raines to get up on the wall and wave his litter, as if for a signal and some of the enemy stepped out in open view. Not a shot was fired at him or them. Upshaw, the other litter bearer, then joined Raines and they got over the wall and went to where the wounded Yankee was; brought him in and laid him down behind the wall and we gave him water and what comfort we could.........."
.......from George Hillyer's "Battle of Gettysburg: Address Before the Walton County Georgia Confederate Veterans", August 2nd, 1904. For further info, click on Jeffry Wert's article "All The Powers of Hell Were Waked To Madness".

Questions or comments? "e" mail me at ngriffin@9thgeorgiainfantry.org

Copyright © 2010-2011 Neal Griffin
The Ninth Georgia Infantry, CSA 1861-65

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The "midi" is Johann Pachelbel's "Canon in D", originally from Kate's Music Page (no longer on the internet).